Projects

Specific projects on which we are working on

Active projects

  • Climate Change
  • Climate Mitigation
  • Greenhouse gases

While the Paris Agreement envision a transition away from fossil fuels, their extraction and the consequent carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions continue to intensify, posing serious challenge towards the achievement of the climate policy targets of global mean temperature to remain below to 1.5°C. The total amount of carbon dioxide emissions that should not be exceeded in order to limit average global warming to a 1.5°C limit, a concept known as the remaining carbon budget, is 250 gigatons of CO2 (GtCO2). The CO2 emissions contained in present estimates of global fossil fuel reserves (2,900 gigatons of CO2 or GtCO2) largely exceed the carbon budget for a 1.5°C limit (250 GtCO2), showing that an actual commitment to limit global warming and tackle the climate challenge should lead to large proportions of fossil fuel reserves remaining under the ground. This prompted the discussion on unburnable fuels (or unextractable) internationally. The selection of the fossil fuel resources that need to stay under the ground is a crucial, required and pending step to enact, scaled-up and globally adopt climate policies in a coordinated manner for reaching the climate policy targets. UNBURNED project will fill this gap by identifying and prioritizing at the global level those fossil fuel reserves that should remain unburned so to maximize socio-environmental collateral benefits of climate mitigation policies, while compensating over economical collateral effects. By rigorously studying the geo-spatial socioenvironmental, economic and equity criteria for identifying and prioritizing fossil fuel reserves that need to be left untapped globally, UNBURNED will address the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to understand how the climate change policy targets can be concretely met, contributing to a rapid, economically effective and equitable phase-out of fossil fuel production, while delivering important socio-environmental benefits. Such imperative research will be further exploited to create a flexible and interactive online platform (the atlas of unburnable fuels) to provide a simple guideline for energy corporations and governments on coordinated divestment strategies and future investment to minimize the risks of stranded assets.

December 2019 to November 2023
  • Climate Change
  • Palaeoceanography
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Aerosols
  • Atmospheric circulation
  • Stable Isotopes
  • Wildfires
  • Organic geochemistry

Tropical climates are changing rapidly in the most populated regions of the planet. The changes largely arise from alterations in the Hadley circulation driven by natural and anthropogenic factors, ...

January 2019 to September 2022
  • Stable Isotopes
  • Oil Pollution
  • Trace Metals
  • Ecology
  • Conservation

Up to 11% of worlds rainforests overlap with conventional oil and natural gas reserves. In this context, the occurrence of petroleum-extraction activities in the Amazon and their impact on the environment and those indigenous populations living in the vicinity of these areas has generated a great deal of controversy. A major cause for concern has been the reported high levels of oil-related lead in the blood of members of remote indigenous communities. On a different vein, the use of lead-based ammunition, which in 2003 had a global consumption of 120,000 tons, is a very important source of direct lead release to soil at the global level. This study aims at providing new insights into lead (and other heavy metals) pollution in remote areas of the planet, and at establishing their potential sources.

June 2018 to May 2022
  • Climate Mitigation
  • Soil chemistry
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Land Use Changes

Agricultural landscapes undergo significant above- and belowground ecosystem changes following the cessation of intensive cultivation. Improvements in soil health after agricultural land abandonment ...

November 2020 to October 2022
  • Hydroclimate
  • Anthropocene
  • Land Use Changes
  • Biomarkers
  • Climate Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Forensics
  • Palaeoclimatology

The overriding aim of GEOLAKE is to disentangle the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities on the environment and to highlight the long-term adaptation of populations in the Upper ...

March 2021 to September 2014
  • Stable Isotopes
  • Biomarkers
  • Archaeology
  • Geoarchaeology

We propose a European Joint Doctorate in response to the need for early stage training between the analytical sciences and archaeology. Archaeological chemistry, biomolecular archaeology and ...

January 2019 to December 2021
  • Climate Change
  • Palaeoceanography
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Atmospheric circulation
  • Stable Isotopes
  • Wildfires
  • Trace Metals
  • Remote Sensing
  • Chemical Oceanography
  • Biomarkers

The overall aim of the PYROWIND project is to develop an innovative palaeo-proxy approach to investigate the natural range of variability of key elements of the Hadley Circulation. Specifically, the ...

2019 to 2021

ImpactANT és reconegut com a Grup de rercerca emergent amb finançament.

  • Ecology
  • Conservation
  • Diseases

Vectorborne diseases are an important and reemerging public health problem in Latin America, particularly in the highly biodiverse Amazon Basin. In highly biodiverse ecosystems, vectorborne ...

  • Ecology
  • Conservation
  • Subsistence Hunting

According to the World Health Organization, transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus raised from the contact between humans and wild animals, possibly in wet markets in the Chinese city of Wuhan. Due to ...

  • Ecology
  • Conservation
  • Subsistence Hunting

Ensuring the sustainability of wildlife hunting in tropical forests is crucial to guarantee the conservation of game species and safeguard the food security and livelihoods of millions of forest ...

July 2017 to December 2021
  • Environmental Forensics
  • Anthropocene
  • Land Use Changes
  • Oil Pollution
  • Remote Sensing
  • Conservation

All Eyes on the Amazon is a programme that supports indigenous peoples in their fight against deforestation and ecosystem degradation. It combines state-of-the-art technology, such as satellites, innovative mobile apps and drones, to detect deforestation, forest degradation, illegal gold mining and oil spills, and report them to eventually stop them.

Past projects

January 2018 to December 2019
  • Stable Isotopes

Finalidad del proyecto: adquisición de un sistema de análisis de isótopos estables de compuestos específicos para ampliar la capacidad de análisis del Laboratorio de Análisis de Isótopos Estables de ...

September 2015 to August 2017 (and two annual renewals)
  • Palaeoceanography
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Stable Isotopes
  • Carbon cycle
  • Remote Sensing
  • Chemical Oceanography
  • Organic geochemistry
  • Biomarkers

The general topic of this proposal is the study of nitrogen isotopes in chlorins, here broadly defined as chlorophylls and their diagenetic products (i.e. dihydroporphyrins that are functionalized ...

January 2014 to December 2016 (plus two annual renewals)
  • Climate Change
  • Palaeoceanography
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Carbon cycle
  • Remote Sensing
  • Chemical Oceanography
  • Organic geochemistry

The general topic of the proposal is the study of the marine carbon cycle and its role in the climate system by driving atmospheric CO2. The investigation of this interaction is vital to ...

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