Research area

Dynamics of the Earth System in greenhouse climates

The past helps us to understand the present and provide insights into the response of the Earth Systems to the increase in greenhouse gases. We study the natural dynamics of the atmosphere, oceans and continental ecosystems, and the global biogeochemical and hydrological cycles, during episodes of global warmth and extreme climates.

Active Projects research area

  • Cambio Climático

While the Paris Agreement envision a transition away from fossil fuels, their extraction and the consequent carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions continue to intensify, posing serious challenge towards the achievement of the climate policy targets of global mean temperature to remain below to 1.5°C. The total amount of carbon dioxide emissions that should not be exceeded in order to limit average global warming to a 1.5°C limit, a concept known as the remaining carbon budget, is 250 gigatons of CO2 (GtCO2). The CO2 emissions contained in present estimates of global fossil fuel reserves (2,900 gigatons of CO2 or GtCO2) largely exceed the carbon budget for a 1.5°C limit (250 GtCO2), showing that an actual commitment to limit global warming and tackle the climate challenge should lead to large proportions of fossil fuel reserves remaining under the ground. This prompted the discussion on unburnable fuels (or unextractable) internationally. The selection of the fossil fuel resources that need to stay under the ground is a crucial, required and pending step to enact, scaled-up and globally adopt climate policies in a coordinated manner for reaching the climate policy targets. UNBURNED project will fill this gap by identifying and prioritizing at the global level those fossil fuel reserves that should remain unburned so to maximize socio-environmental collateral benefits of climate mitigation policies, while compensating over economical collateral effects. By rigorously studying the geo-spatial socioenvironmental, economic and equity criteria for identifying and prioritizing fossil fuel reserves that need to be left untapped globally, UNBURNED will address the urgent need for interdisciplinary research to understand how the climate change policy targets can be concretely met, contributing to a rapid, economically effective and equitable phase-out of fossil fuel production, while delivering important socio-environmental benefits. Such imperative research will be further exploited to create a flexible and interactive online platform (the atlas of unburnable fuels) to provide a simple guideline for energy corporations and governments on coordinated divestment strategies and future investment to minimize the risks of stranded assets.

December 2019 to November 2023
  • Cambio Climático
  • Biogeoquímica
  • Aerosols
  • Circulación atmosférica
  • Isótopos Estables

Tropical climates are changing rapidly in the most populated regions of the planet. The changes largely arise from alterations in the Hadley circulation driven by natural and anthropogenic factors, ...

Past Projects research area

  • Isótopos Estables

Finalidad del proyecto: adquisición de un sistema de análisis de isótopos estables de compuestos específicos para ampliar la capacidad de análisis del Laboratorio de Análisis de Isótopos Estables de ...

  • Cambio Climático
  • Biogeoquímica

La temática de la propuesta es el estudio del ciclo de carbono marino y su papel en el clima global al modular las concentraciones atmosféricas de CO2. La investigación de esta interacción ...

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